Bosnia and Herzegovina is due to its rich history, has for centuries been a place of encounter and coexistence of different nations which contributed to the creation of a unique space in which we live together different religions.
Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is due to its religious diversity known as the “European Jerusalem“. Sarajevo is the headquarters of the Muslim religious leader, Reis-ul-ulema, dabrobosanske Metropolitan See of the Orthodox Church and the seat of the same archbishopric Roman Catholic Church in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The most important religious buildings in Sarajevo is located in the city center at a distance of several hundred meters – Gazi Husrev-Beg Mosque, the Orthodox Congregational Church, Catholic Cathedral of Jesus’ Heart, as well as the Sarajevo synagogue.
The most visited sanctuary, and the most attractive destination in the area of religious tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Medjugorje – Our Lady’s apparitions place located 25 km from Mostar. This place since 1981, when a group of young people witnessed the apparition of Our Lady, visiting at least one million pilgrims during the year. Place the first apparitions – Apparition Hill is located a few hundred meters above the Bijakovići hamlet Apparition Hill.
In addition to Medjugorje, the most attractive destination on B map of religious tourism is Ajvatovica – the largest pilgrimage site of Muslims in Europe, where for 500 years the faithful gather. Ajvatovica located in Prusac place between Bugojno and Donji Vakuf. For Ajvatovica is a legend of the mystical event in the life of Ajvaz- grandfather who was in Bosnia and Herzegovina came in 15 th century. Start gathering is determined every seventh Monday at
St. George’s Day, and not to the Hijri calendar, which indicates a correlation with Bogomil prayers for rain and crop protection.
Tekke on the Buna in Blagaj was founded after the fall of Herzegovina under Turkish rule in the 15th century and is
a place where dervishes perform a special ritual – zikir – the worship of God. Tekke was built near the springs of the Buna, the strongest karst springs in the territory of Europe with an average annual water flow of 43 m³ per second.
In Tekiji once a week organized dervish ceremonies of worship, and every year in the month of May to organize a religious event mevluda attended by thousands of visitors.
One of the most important monasteries of the Serbian Orthodox Church is dedicated to the Assumption Monastery Tvrdoš of the Virgin and the seat of Herzegovinian bishops and metropolitans. The monastery is located near Trebinje. For the monastery Tvrdoš bind three different versions nastanka. Prema first to tradition was founded by
the holy Emperor Constantine and his mother Elena, the second, King Milutin, and the third tradition the monastery was built by Herceg Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. Monasi Tvrdos wine and honey products of superior quality.
One of the unavoidable destination of religious tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is dedicated to Annunciation Monastery Zitomislic Holy Mother of God, located near Mostar, between Pocitelj and Buna. Žitomislić Monastery represents a significant cultural and Herzegovina Orthodox monastery from the 16th century. The monastery was demolished during last war and today is again restored.