Although a relatively small country, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a rich culture that has greatly influenced other Balkan countries, and even the entire world. It hasbeen reflected in various areas of human activity, including music, literature, film, art and applied arts, design and modern media. Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with Hungary, is the only country in the region that has offered more than one winner of the prestigious Nobel Prize: Vladimir Prelog was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and Ivo Andrić the Nobel Prize in Literature.
The capital city – Sarajevo hosted the 14th Winter Olympic Games in 1984, which represented not merely a forum for socializing among young athletes from around the world, but also the games of culture, peace and friendship.
If we were to seek an authentic symbol of this country, it would probably be the “stećak” (monumental medieval tombstones) – an artifact of original Bosnian cult art. Tombstones are primarily the resting places of the deceased. The decorative motifs and lapidary inscriptions on these massive stones contain the symbols of the deceased life. These tombstones are scattered across Bosnia and Herzegovina. The largest collection is in Radimlja, near the town of Stolac, where they form a unique necropolis of this kind in the world.
The Haggadah, one of the most beautiful books of its kind in the world, is kept in the National Museum, as perhaps its most valuable exhibit. It is an illuminated manuscript in Hebrew, handwritten on bleached leather, produced in the late 14th and early 15th century in Spain.